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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 5.922

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

PREVALENCE OF RISK FACTORS CAUSING POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME IN WOMEN LIVING IN THE RURAL AREA OF PAKISTAN

Muhammad Arslan MD*, Talha Nazir MBBS, Asjad Salman, Numera Ashfaq MBBS and Muhammad Zeeshan MBBS

ABSTRACT

Background: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a condition in women of irregular or no menstrual periods, acne, obesity, and excess hair growth. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is one of the most common endocrine disorders, affecting approximately 5-10% of women worldwide, with less than 50% of them undiagnosed. There are multiple common factors of PCOS such as genetics, in-utero changes, stress, and insulin resistance, trouble with weight, sleep apnea, and hormonal birth control pills. Objectives: The objective of the research was to study the prevalence of risk factors causing Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in women presenting in Gynae OPD of DHQ, Mirpur AJK, and to know about their awareness about PCOS. Methodology: The study was conducted in Gynea OPD of DHQ, Mirpur AJK, and a cross-sectional study design was used. In the current study, we used a convenient sampling technique that fulfills the required criteria of research, and the sample size was 100. Research data were collected by making a questionnaire after concerning with doctors. We used inclusion and exclusion criteria for the participation of women in our research work. For statistical analysis, we used SPSS software. Results: PCOS is observed in females of age 22_30yrs with an equal ratio between married and unmarried. These are mostly students having the age of menarche 12_14 years with the irregular menstrual cycle, moderate flow, mild pain, and duration of 3_5 days. Females taking junk food, increase weight, and facing stress also have a history of PCOS. It is also most commonly observed in those who use contraceptives, having problems in conceiving, and are nulliparous. Conclusion: PCOS is prevalent in students of age group between 22_30 years. Major risk factors are increased weight, irregular menstrual cycle, contraceptive use, those facing any stress, and eating junk food.

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