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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301

ICV : 78.6



P. Naga Jyothi*, G. Sree Mahalakshmi, G. Sai Prathyusha, P. Keerthi1 and J. Sudharshan


Bladder stones (vesical calculus) are the stones or calcified materials that are present in the bladder. These bladder stones are the hardened clumps of minerals that form in the bladder they may pass on their own or need to remove by a procedure. The bladder stones are most common in males over the age of 50 years, and rare in females. Some underlying medical conditions are one of the cause, presence of vesical calculus may be the cause of blood in urination. The symptoms include discomfort or pain in the penis for males, more regular urination or a stop-start flow, pain loin region that radiates to groin may or may not be associated with vomiting, burning micturition, and haematuria, dark coloured urine associated with smell. Management includes medical and surgical procedure that depends on the size of the calculi.

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