ASSESMENT OF THE PASSIVE HIP JOINT FLEXION, EXTENSION AND ABDUCTION; A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE ELECTRONIC AND UNIVERSAL GONIOMETER AMONG THE HEALTHY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF IPRS LUMHS, JAMSHORO, PAKISTAN
Aadil Ameer Ali*, Ahmed Ali, Shahnila Shaikh, Noman-Haq, Amjad Hussain, Taufiq Ahmad, Muhammad Umair, Muhammad Kumail, Shivam Sachdev, Sakshi Kumari and Muhammad Ishaque M. R.
Objective: To compare the passive range of motion (flexion, extension and abduction) of hip joint by using electronic and universal goniometer among healthy undergraduates students of iprs Lumhs, Jamshoro, Pakistan. Methodology: A cross sectional survey was conducted in institute of physiotherapy & rehabilitation sciences, Liaquat university of medical & health sciences, Jamshoro Pakistan from February to August 2018. Flexion, extension and abduction of hip joint was measured by the electronic and universal goniometer among 200 participants and SPSS version 23 was used to analyze the data. Results: The majority were (n=157, 78.5%) female and having mean age of 21.4 + 1.6 years. By using the electronic goniometer the mean scores were hip flexion were 122+1.50, extension 112.9+1.43 and abduction 44.1+1.20, while measuring with universal goniometer the mean scores were hip flexion were 120+1.42, extension 110.7+1.08 and abduction 43.0+1.77. The correlation between the electronic and universal goniometer in hip flexion were (flexion=0.300, extension=0.184, abduction=0.189). Conclusion: This Study concluded that both the electronic and universal goniometer are equally valid and reliable in order to measure the passive flexion, extension and abduction of hip joint.[Full Text Article]