RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINE IN BIPOLAR AFEECTIVE DISORDER, MANIC TYPE
Dr. S. Karunakara Moorthi M. D. (HOM), Dr. Jaseel Ahammed N. P., Dr. Radhika P. and 4Ms. Resmy R.
Introduction: Mania can be defined as an abnormally elevated mood characterized by symptoms such as inappropriate elation, increased irritability, insomnia, increased speed and/or volume of speech, disconnected and racing thoughts, markedly increased energy and activity level, poor judgment, and inappropriate social behaviour. There are a number of medicines cited in homoeopathic literature which can be used for treatment of mania. A retrospective study was undertaken to explore usefulness of homeopathic medicines in the treatment of mania. Methodology: Case records of 30 patients were studied retrospectively to assess the symptoms of mania. Young’s Mania Rating Scale was used to assess the response to treatment after 4 weeks of intervention. Results: A Friedmann’s test showed that the YMRS total score has significantly reduced from 37.87±3.58 to 22.30±12.35. (?2=71.64, p<0.001) over 4 weeks. Post Hoc analysis was done by applying Wilcoxon Signed rank test. Wilcoxon Signed rank test showed that there is significant reduction in the YMRS total score from first week onwards (z=-2.443, p=0.015). Conclusion: The findings are encouraging to open avenues for further studies on mania.[Full Text Article]